First Group of Defendants Pass Through Drug Field-Testing Program

 

Included here is the second quarterly report of the program study committee for the pilot drug field testing program created under 50 ILCS 737/1.

The Cook County Pilot Drug Field-Testing Program was brought about to reduce the average time in jail between arrest and preliminary hearing for individuals arrested on drug charges. Advocacy for the project began with Chicago Appleseed’s policy brief in 2013 which led to collaborations with community groups, negotiation with stakeholder agencies, and, ultimately, passage of the law.

Historically in Cook County, those charged with drug possession have had to wait 24 days on average just to get to a preliminary hearing at which a judge determines probable cause. Other cases involving more serious crimes (including crimes of violence) get to their preliminary hearings within 8 to 12 days.

In 2013, judges in Cook County determined that 27 percent of drug possession cases — 6,116 — were not supported by probable cause and dismissed those cases at their preliminary hearings. A substantial portion of these individuals were being held in jail the entire time that they waited for their preliminary hearings at a huge cost to taxpayers.

In 2010, for example, there were 5,000 detainees at the jail each day awaiting preliminary hearings on drug charges.

This quarter has seen the first group of individuals pass through the program, which currently exist in the 6th police district in Chicago.

  • A total of ninety-four (94) individuals have been admitted to custody (for at least 1 day according to Cook County State’s Attorney Office records) subject to a drug field test from the 6th district.
  • The Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office has directed its Assistant State’s Attorneys to request preliminary hearing dates one week from the time of the bond hearing (which is typically one day after arrest) for those coming in through the pilot program. The ~7 day time to preliminary hearing represents a significant reduction from the current average time to preliminary hearing which is 17 days.
  • Of the 94 individuals admitted to custody under the program, 15 have been in custody long enough to be affected by the shorter time to preliminary hearing (they have had stays of longer than 7 days). The cases of these 15 are either ongoing or resolved at some point after preliminary hearing.
  • 79 of the 94 individuals left custody at some point before their preliminary hearing or other next court date (in case of misdemeanors). These individuals left custody either by posting bond, being given an I-bond (personal recognizance), or being given electronic monitoring.

Questions for the program study committee going forward include how much the 15 positively affected individuals represent a cost-savings for the County, whether the number is deflated due to lower arrest rates, and how many more individuals would be passing through the program if it were expanded city-wide.

 

 

 

Visitation at Cook County Jail – Part 2

Approximately 100,000 people are admitted into Cook County Jail every year, which maintains an average daily population of about 7,500. When a family member finds out that their loved one has been detained at the jail, their first response may be to attempt to visit as soon as possible. This process can be very challenging to navigate however, and often friends and family encounter setbacks that make gaining and maintaining access to visitation incredibly difficult and sometimes impossible.

To find out more, Cook County Justice Watch spoke to Patty Cloud about her experience with visitation at the jail. Cloud is a member of Progressive Community Church and has been visiting incarcerated members of the church’s congregation since 2011. In the first segment of this series, Patty talked about the process of being cleared for visitation, which involves locating the inmate and being placed on their visitor list, submitting a visitor application and clearing a background check.

 

Here, Patty talks about her experience on visiting day. Cook County Jail is located at 26th Street and California Avenue. While it is accessible by public transportation, the trip can be exhausting, especially for families with small children and elderly visitors. Once visitors arrive, they must wait outside, exposed to the elements, with nowhere to sit. Often, people will wait in line for hours only to find out that they have not been cleared for visitation, or that the division they were planning to visit has been placed on lockdown and will not be receiving visitors that day.

Patty also describes the experience of holding a conversation with an inmate through a metal grate like the ones shown below. These grates prohibit eye contact while speaking, making communication and connection difficult. Patty questions if this kind of restrictive environment is necessary to maintain safety and order in the jail.

grate
Visitation booths with metal grates to speak through.

In the final segment of this series, we’ll share Patty’s thoughts on how the visitation process might be improved in order to make visits more accessible and beneficial for inmates and their loved ones. If you’ve had experience with visitation at the Cook County Jail, please share your story with us in the comments section below. Subscribe to follow these segments.

Seven Escape From Illinois Jail in Two Days
(Photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images)

Interview footage shot and produced by Rachel Hoffman. rachelehoffman.com/video/

Interview conducted by Ruby Pinto. 

 

Visitation at Cook County Jail – Part 1

During an inmate’s time at Cook County Jail, a visit from a friend or loved one can mean a world of difference. A study conducted by the Minnesota Department of Corrections found that prisoners who received at least one personal visit at any time during their incarceration were 13 percent less likely to commit another felony and 25 percent less likely to end up back in prison on a technical parole violation. Data showed that the more visits prisoners received, the lower their chance of recidivating after release. Visits can help to improve the morale and well-being of both inmates and their loved ones and maintain personal connections that prove to be crucial during re-entry.

However, gaining and maintaining access to visitation rights can be difficult, especially for those without access to resources and flexible schedules. Potential visitors must fill out an application and submit to a background check. They must also be in contact with the inmate they wish to visit, in order to be placed on the inmate’s visitation list. An online Inmate Locator may be used to find out where an inmate has been placed.

To find out more about the experience of visiting an inmate at Cook County Jail, we spoke to Patty Cloud, a member of Progressive Community Church. Patty has been visiting incarcerated members of the church’s congregation since 2011, and is involved in religious volunteer work in the Cook County DOC. We will publish a total of three segments on visitation, each covering a different aspect of Patty’s experience. In this first segment, Patty talks about gaining access to visitation, the challenges she and others have encountered throughout the process, and the impact that this process has on families.

Next week, Cook County Justice Watch will share Patty’s experience on visiting day, including the wait to see an inmate and the process of communicating during the visit. Subscribe to follow these segments.

front-gate-2
A gate visitors enter during visitation at Cook County Jail

 

Interview footage shot and produced by Rachel Hoffman. rachelehoffman.com/video/

Interview conducted by Ruby Pinto. 

Policy Focus On The State’s Attorney Candidates: Donna More

Donna More, CBS Local
Donna More, CBS Local

The race for the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office has gained national interest of late due to controversy surrounding the brutal killing of a black teenager by a white police officer followed by an apparent delay by the state’s attorney office to bring charges against the officer.

This particular incident, of course, represents only a small part of a breakdown of trust between criminal justice agencies and communities of color, concerns regarding codes of silence within and between the State’s Attorney’s Office and the Chicago Police Department, and, more broadly, the trends in law enforcement which have resulted in a system of mass incarceration both locally and nationally.

The Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office is in a particularly powerful position not just to prosecute crimes but, with immense influence in Springfield and locally, to set criminal justice policy. It is with this in mind that we at Cook County Justice Watch present the policy goals of each of the candidates for the State’s Attorney and hope to steer the discussion toward the effect their policies may have on communities going forward.

Donna More is a former assistant State’s Attorney under Richard M. Daley and a former federal prosecutor; she has since spent much of her legal career representing casinos and other companies involved in the gaming industry. Her campaign is principally funded by personal wealth, family member donations, followed by companies such as More Sports Management, Universal Gaming Group LLC, and MBR Properties and Management LLC.

What Sets Donna More Apart: Political Stances and Media Focus. Media attention has focused attention on a 2014 contribution made by her to Republican Bruce Rauner’s campaign for governor and pulling a Republican ballot, despite the fact that More is running as a Democrat in this state’s attorney race.

In terms of political stances, More has positioned herself as someone not beholden to vested political interests, attacking the integrity of the office under State’s Attorney Anita Alvarez and painting the other challenger, Kim Foxx, former assistant State’s Attorney and former Chief of Staff to County Board President Preckwinkle, as underqualified. Specifically she has criticized Kim Foxx for spending much of her career in the juvenile division of the Cook County State’s Attorney office and attaining supervisory ranks there as opposed to working in the adult felony division where More spent some of her time under, then State’s Attorney, Richard M. Daley. This stance reflects longstanding beliefs within and without of the State’s Attorney’s Office that adult felony cases, particularly involving very serious crimes, define the office more than the juvenile division, which, though dealing with similar crimes at times, often has a more rehabilitative focus.

Below are positions on particular policies. We, in our series on the Cook County State’s Attorney race will include the positions of all the candidates on the following issues which have been most remarked upon by the candidates:

  • Special Prosecutor for Police Shootings: She has opposed the need for a special prosecutor for police shootings. A Special Prosecutor would be an independent prosecutorial office that works apart from the State’s Attorney’s Office and the police department, to insure independence, and would be brought in to investigate and prosecute when police officers are charged with crimes. This would be similar to how prosecutions are carried out when it is a state’s attorney who is charged with a crime. More has instead proposed a unit within the State’s Attorney’s Office that would be dedicated toward prosecuting police officers and reporting directly to herself.
  • Violence: She has called for a gun court to be established and has named ‘gun violence’ as her number one priority. The gun court proposal puts Donna More at odds with many research institutions, including Northwestern’s Bluhm Legal Clinic, the Center for Court Innovation, and results arrived at by the Cook County Violence Prevention, Intervention, and Reduction, all of whom have indicated that gun courts may not be effective at decreasing crime and in their sentencing run counter to current best practices for courts, limiting both individual justice and judicial discretion.
  • Civilian Police Accountability Council (CPAC): During the recent debate hosted on WBEZ on Thursday, January 28, 2016, Donna More seemed to be previously unaware of CPAC proposals but foreword by several community groups, but seemed willing to support one so long as that council would not decide upon the bringing of criminal charges.
  • Response to Low Level Crimes, Alternatives to Traditional Prosecution and Deferred Prosecution: More has been less vocal on expanding alternatives to prison for low lever crimes as compared with the other candidates, Foxx and State’s Attorney Alvarez, but has suggested that the cost of jailing individuals for cases that will likely be thrown out to be a waste of taxpayer money.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Facts on Police Discipline and Suggested Reforms

Over the past two years, killings of black men, women, and children at the hands of police officers have received increased national attention due to widespread organizing efforts. In Chicago, over the last several months, the 2014 killing of 17 year-old Laquan McDonald and subsequent delays in investigation sparked calls for massive reform of the Chicago Police Department, the State’s Attorney’s Office, and the Mayor’s Office. In order to aid this discussion, we have outlined below the facts that are currently known about Laquan McDonald’s killing, the current accountability framework for police officers in Chicago, and some recommendations for reform have already been put forward.

The Facts So Far

Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke shot and killed 17 year-old Laquan McDonald on October 20, 2014. According to Officer Van Dyke’s report, Laquan McDonald was standing facing policing officers and aggressively waiving a knife when he fired 16 shots in 14 seconds. The police cruiser’s dashcam video shows something else, however: it shows that Laquan McDonald was walking diagonally away from officers when Van Dyke, who had just arrived on the scene, opened fire.

Since then the following information has also been reported from multiple sources:

  • Five other CPD officers wrote reports with statements that were contradicted by videos.
  • The original dashcam video and several others released later all have faulty audio components.
  • Police discouraged witnesses on the scene from making statements.
  • After the shooting, police officers entered a nearby Burger King and accessed its surveillance video. When the video was retrieved later, it had an 86 minute gap that included the time of the shooting.
  • In the wake of the release of the shooting video, Mayor Rahm Emmanuel fired Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy, and Scott Ando, the head of IPRA, resigned.

 

The Current Disciplinary System:

Independent Police Review Authority (IPRA)

IPRA was created in 2007 as a civilian-led independent police review agency, though its chief administrative staff to date have consisted entirely of former law enforcement officers. IPRA is required to investigate the following: all police shootings where an officer injures someone, all deaths in custody, and claims of excessive force. (The Police Department’s Bureau of Internal Affairs investigates other categories of complaints. See below.)

Since 2007, IPRA has investigated 409 police shootings, but found only two unjustified. Of these 409 shooting victims, 301 were Black, 58 were Hispanic, and 36 were white. In 2014, IPRA concluded that in 54% of its completed investigations, there was insufficient evidence either to prove or disprove the complaint. IPRA has subpoena power to compel testimony and evidence and can make recommendations as to disciplinary action and firing of officers. IPRA requires individuals who are filing complaints against police officers to sign affidavits, a practice that has been criticized as many individuals refuse to sign affidavits for fear of reprisals.

The methods and procedures by which IPRA operates are governed by rules set forth by the Chicago Police Board in concert with the terms of the police contract negotiated with the Fraternal Order of Police.

Scott Ando, former head of IPRA. WGN-TV
Scott Ando, former head of IPRA. WGN-TV

The Bureau of Internal Affairs

The Bureau of Internal Affairs (BIA) is a reviewing body within the Chicago Police Department. The BIA investigates all categories of misconduct not investigated by IPRA, including stop & frisk violations, sexual assaults, false arrests, denial of medical aid, and more. Unlike IPRA, the BIA is not required by law to report on the results of its investigations.

 

The Chicago Police Board

The Chicago Police Board holds hearings in cases where serious discipline (dismissal, and suspensions of over 30 days or more) have been recommended. The Chicago Police Board is the only body that can terminate a police officers’ employment, however, few officers are ever fired. For instance, in 2014, the Chicago Police Superintendent sought to fire 22 officers in proceedings before the Police Board. The Board fired just six. Five additional officers resigned. A relatively small number of police officers are named in many misconduct complaints. Officer Van Dyke, for example, had been named in 17 complaints.

All recommendations regarding the disciplining of police officers have to go through the Police Superintendent before they are passed onto the Chicago Police Board or otherwise acted upon.

Former Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy - STEPHANIE DOWELL / SUN-TIMES MEDIA
Former Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy – STEPHANIE DOWELL / SUN-TIMES MEDIA

The Mayor of the City of Chicago

The Mayor’s Office appoints the superintendent of the Chicago Police Department with the advice and consent of the City Council and the Chicago Police Board. The Mayor appoints the chief administrators of IPRA and all 9 members of the Chicago Police Board. The mayor has the power to dismiss these appointees at any time.

Mayor Rahm Emmanuel PAUL BEATY/AP
Mayor Rahm Emmanuel
PAUL BEATY/AP

History of police discipline in the current system

From 2010 to 2014, IPRA investigators sustained only 4% of the 17,700 complaints they reviewed. Sixty percent of complaints were thrown out because the alleged victims failed or refused to sign affidavits. Of the 800 cases in which officers were found at fault, 45% were given only a written reprimand and received no other punishment; 28% were suspended but docked only 1-5 days of pay, and 15% had resigned before any punishment could be imposed. Most officers who were disciplined were not disciplined for excessive force or other conduct against community members, but for minor or technical violations: misuse of department equipment, having unauthorized second jobs, and other personnel violations.

 

Proposed Reforms 

While killings by police have sparked outrage and inspired street protests, many groups have also developed policy proposals designed to overhaul the current police accountability and disciplinary framework in Chicago. Below we outline the major features of one proposed ordinance that has received a great deal of support from community groups that have also been engaged in protest. The Chicago Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression (CAARPR) has drafted a proposed ordinance creating a Civilian Police Accountability Council (CPAC). The CPAC ordinance would create a council comprised of elected community members from each police district, emphasizing racially equitable and proportional representation. The CPAC would entirely replace IPRA, and would have the power to:

  • Appoint the Superintendent of Police;
  • Develop guidelines and standard operating procedures for police;
  • Investigate all police shootings and allegations police misconduct or violations of state, municipal, federal, constitutional or human rights law;
  • Make final decisions regarding officer discipline;
  • Refer cases to the U.S. Federal Grand Jury and the U.S. Attorney in order to seek indictments against police officers.

The Community Renewal Society, a faith-based organizing group in Chicago has also proposed its own FAIR COPS ordinance (fact sheet available here). FAIR COPS would retain the overall structure and powers of IPRA, the Chicago Police Board, the Bureau of Internal Affairs, and the Mayor, but introduce another office of the Police Auditor to review all investigations and police procedures with a goal of ensuring fairness, transparency, and consistency. Specific powers regarding the firing of officers and investigation of citizen complains would not be in the hands of the Police Auditor, but the body would have access to data and records from the police department, as well as subpoena power.

The Chicago Community Bond Fund Is Taking On Cash Bond One Person at a Time

The Chicago Community Bond Fund Is Taking On Cash Bond One Person at a Time

Part 3 in our series on bond court in Cook County.

Read Part 1: ‘Disrespectful…inattentive and vindictive’ Cook County’s Bond Court.

Read Part 2: Public Defender Amy Campanelli On Reforming Cook County’s Bond Court.

As Public Defender Amy Campanelli continues to push for the necessary reforms to bond court as described in Part 2 of our series, individuals continue to be caught up in unnecessary pre-trial detention simply because they lack the resources to get out. Now, one group of Chicagoans is taking it upon themselves to pay bond for some of the thousands of people in Cook County Jail (CCJ) who have been granted bond but are unable to afford it. The Chicago Community Bond Fund is a new non-profit organization dedicated to ending the use of monetary bond in Illinois, and working to get people out of Cook County Jail in the meantime.

The basic problems with money bond

As has been well-known for a while, and as CCBF itself pointed out in a recent AREA Chicago article, cash bond is not good public safety policy. Despite claims that monetary bond ensures defendants return to court and discourages commission of new crimes, supporting evidence for those claims is weak to non-existent. For example, Washington, D.C. eliminated use of monetary bond decades ago, and instead established a Pretrial Services Agency (PSA) that uses risk assessment to make release decisions. Once released, defendants are supported by services that further increase their chances of succeeding while awaiting trial. A 2013 BJA funded study of unsecured bonds by the Pretrial Justice Institute found that unsecured bonds are as effective as secured bonds at both ensuring court appearance and achieving public safety goals such as avoiding re-arrest.

Though the benefits of using monetary bond are hard to confirm, the harms of pretrial detention are obvious and well-documented. People who are incarcerated simply because they cannot pay an often arbitrary amount of money may lose their jobs, housing, and even custody of their children. Family and community connections are damaged, the defendant is less able to participate in their own defense, and the chances of being convicted increase. Detained defendants who are convicted also receive significantly longer sentences than defendants who were not detained pretrial. Each one of these outcomes further decreases the defendant’s chances of future success and increases recidivism. In a review of over 150,000 criminal cases in Kentucky, the Arnold Foundation found that defendants who are detained “are over four times more likely to be sentenced to jail and over three times more likely to be sentenced to prison than defendants who are released at some point pending trial.” Perhaps the most compelling result of studying the impact of pretrial detention is the fact that when low- and moderate-risk defendants are detained even a few days, the odds of recidivation significantly increase. (Source.)

Non-financial conditional release, based on the history, characteristics, and reliability of the defendant, is more effective than financial release conditions. Reliance on money bail discriminates against indigent defendants and cannot effectively address the need for release conditions that protect the public. Pro-social interventions that address substance disorders, employment, housing, medical, educational, and mental health issues afford defendants the opportunity for personal improvement and decrease the likelihood of criminal behavior.”Guiding Principles of the Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia

Who is in Cook County Jail?

Cook County Jail is no outlier by national standards. Frequently referred to as the largest single-site jail in the country, CCJ has around 70,000 admission every year. Like most jails, the vast majority of CCJ’s population is pre-trial. In early October 2015, fully 95% of CCJ inmates were awaiting trial. The vast majority of those behind bars were technically eligible for bond as set by a judge but were simply unable to afford it. In fact, over 150 of the nearly 9,000 people incarcerated in CCJ at that time needed to post only $500 or less in bond in order to be released. Also like most jails, CCJ is disproportionately Black. Despite the fact that only 24% of Cook County residents are African American, CCJ’s population was 73% Black in October 2015.

Introducing the Bond Fund

Chicago Community Bond Fund’s mission is, quite simply, to help people get out of CCJ. Growing out of a grassroots effort to bond out five activists arrested at an August 2014 community vigil for Desean Pittman, CCBF has now set its sights on less obviously political pretrial detainees. The group of activists, attorneys, and community members has established a revolving bond fund that will pay bond for people who simply cannot pay it themselves. In their words, “paying bond …  restores the presumption of innocence before trial and enables recipients to remain free while fighting their cases.” CCBF also plans to conduct teach-ins and other public education “about the role of bond in the criminal legal system and [advocate] for the abolition of money bond.”

Watch the short video below to hear CCBF co-founder Jeanette Wince speaking at the launch party on November 21, 2015. Jeanette begins by discussing how she and other family members raised bond money for those arrested in August 2014 by throwing house parties and holding raffles.

 

So far, CCBF has been focused on creating organizational structure and establishing guidelines for operation. Nevertheless, the group has found time to continue supporting broader causes of criminal justice reform and racial justice. After the release of the video showing a Chicago police officer shooting Laquan McDonald 16 times on November 24th, CCBF quickly established a bond fund for protesters who took to the street demanding justice and accountability. Now, CCBF has joined a coalition of groups to raise money to post bond for Naomi Freeman, a young Black mother in Cook County Jail after killing her abusive partner.

CCBF’s Adventures Posting Bond

On December 3rd, CCBF posted bond for their first client, and their experience reveals a lot about the hurdles ordinary Chicagoans face when trying to post bond for a loved one. Two CCBF members, Max and Ash, headed to Cook County Jail around 2pm on an ordinary Thursday. When Ash attempted to post bond, he was told that CCBF’s client, R., was serving a sentence and thus could not be bonded out. When Ash tried to ask questions, knowing that R. had not yet been sentenced, he was given no further information. The clerk merely repeated the same thing multiple times, and conveyed to Ash that R. would be released when her sentence was over in March 2016.

After calling R’s attorney and confirming that she had not yet been sentenced and was, in fact, eligible for bond, Max and Ash tried to figure out why the system was reporting an incorrect status. By chance, Max saw someone from the public defender’s office who he knew from when he interned there as a law student. That person was able to contact her supervisor in the public defender’s office, who in turn contacted a supervisor over in the bond posting office. Eventually, a little over an hour later, the county employees were changing shifts, so Ash sat in the office for 30 minutes while the shift change took place. After two more system errors and separate 15-20 minute delays, Ash was finally able to post bond around 5pm, and R. finally walked out of CCJ nearly 4 hours later (approximately 7 hours after Ash first tried to post bond). He noted that as a non-attorney with no special access to supervisors or court records, he would never have been able to correct the system error that reported R’s status as sentenced instead of pre-trial. During his time in the waiting room, Ash saw several people turned away from posting bond entirely and delayed due to system errors. As is unfortunately often the case in Cook County, it was only as a result of special access and connectionsand those mostly the result of Max’s status as an attorneythat Max and Ash were eventually able to post R.’s bond.

You can read more about CCBF’s client R and their other recent news in their newsletter.

 

The Campaign to Fire CPD Detective Dante Servin

The editors of Cook County Justice Watch feel it is important to present information on community organizing efforts in Cook County. This post highlights the work being done in the Movement for Black Lives with the #SayHerName initiative in Chicago. Movements like these often create necessary pressure to move policy and change the way that justice is delivered.

On March 21, 2012, Rekia Boyd was fatally shot by off-duty Chicago police detective Dante Servin. She was 22 years old. The shooting took place in the early morning hours in Douglas Park, a neighborhood on Chicago’s west side, when Servin fired multiple shots from an unregistered 9mm semiautomatic firearm over his shoulder into a crowd of people. When questioned, Servin claimed that he mistook a cellphone in a man’s hand for a gun. Witnesses say he appeared to be drunk at the time of the shooting.

In November 2013, Servin was charged with involuntary manslaughter, a charge determined by Cook County State’s Attorney Anita Alvarez. All charges were dismissed by Judge Dennis J. Porter, who ruled that because the shooting was intentional, Servin could not be charged with recklessness. “It is intentional and the crime, if any there be, is first-degree murder,” said Porter in his ruling. This directed verdict essentially meant that Servin was found not guilty, and returned to his job with the Chicago Police Department where he remains employed.

Upon delivery of the verdict, individuals from multiple organizations came together to support Boyd’s family and organize to have Dante Servin fired without a pension. They also shared a goal of keeping Rekia’s name alive. The #SayHerName initiative is deeply rooted in the campaign for justice for Rekia.

Since May of 2015, social justice advocates have attended monthly meetings of the Chicago Police Board, delivering testimony urging Superintendent Garry McCarthy and the CPD board to fire Dante Servin and end police brutality in Chicago. Cook County Justice Watch contributor Ruby Pinto spoke to two young organizers with BYP 100, an organization that has taken the lead on organizing turnout for monthly board meetings. She also spoke to Rekia’s brother, Martinez Sutton, who regularly attends CPD board meeting as well as actions against police brutality throughout the city.

In September, Chicago’s Independent Police Review Board recommended that Servin be removed from the Chicago police force, due to violation of CPD’s deadly force policy, failure to qualify with the weapon he fired that night and delivery of inconsistent statements to detectives, the State’s Attorney’s Office and IPRA.

Superintendent McCarthy must deliver a his decision within 90 days  of the IPRA recommendation and has stated that he will deliver a decision before the deadline. The next CPD board meeting will take place this coming Thursday, November 19th at 7:30 pm. CPD headquarters are located at 3510 S Michigan Avenue. A crowd of community members is expected to gather at 7 pm to fill the boardroom and deliver testimony.

martinezsutton

Martinez Sutton at a Vigil for Rekia at Depaul (5/12/15) – photo by Sarah Jane Rhee